LOB bibliography

The following list of works is mainly drawn from Bengt Altenberg’s ICAME Bibliography. Part 1 was published in ICAME Journal 10 (1986), pp. 62-79. Part 2 (up to 1989) and Part 3 (1990-1998) were made available through the ICAME website: http://icame.uib.no/icame-bib2.txt and http://icame.uib.no/icame-bib3.htm. Later works have been included as well, though less systematically.

The ICAME Bibliography contains works based on, or related to, computerized English text corpora. The emphasis is on the corpora listed below. A number of corpora which were not included in Altenberg’s ICAME Bibliography have been added. Note that the code BUC in Altenberg’s lists has been replaced by BROWN.

The Archer Corpus [ARCHER]
The Australian Corpus of English [ACE]
The Bank of English [BOE]
The Birmingham Collection of English Text [BCE]
The British National Corpus {BNC]
The Brown University Corpus of American English [BROWN]
The COBUILD Direct corpora [COBUILD]
The Freiburg-LOB Corpus of British English [FLOB]
The Freiburg-Brown Corpus of American English [FROWN]
The Helsinki Corpus of English Texts [HC]
The International Corpus of English [ICE]
The Kolhapur Corpus of Indian English [KOL]
The Lancaster/IBM Spoken English Corpus [SEC]
The Lancaster-Oslo/Bergen Corpus of British English [LOB]
The Leuven Corpus [LEU]
The London-Lund Corpus of Spoken English [LLC]
The Nijmegen Corpus [NC]
The Survey of English Usage, University College London [SEU]
The TOSCA Corpus, Nijmegen [TOSCA]
The Wellington Corpus of Spoken New Zealand English [WCSNZE]
The Wellington Corpus of Written New Zealand English [WCWNZE]

Works related to any of these corpora are given a code (as shown above) to indicate which material has been used or referred to. Only items tagged LOB, or containing LOB, are included here. Edited volumes containing chapters listed elsewhere in the Bibliography are not accompanied by indications of the corpora cited in those chapters.

Note that the LOB Corpus has very often been used in combination with other corpora. Though most of the publications tagged LOB are corpus-based, some studies have drawn on the corpus less systematically, in a general discussion of corpus use or as a supplementary source of evidence in more theory-oriented work.


Aarts, B. & C.F. Meyer (eds). 1995. The verb in contemporary English. Theory and description . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Aarts, J. & W. Meijs (eds). 1984. Corpus linguistics: Recent developments in the use of computer corpora in English language research. Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Aarts, J. & W. Meijs (eds). 1986. Corpus linguistics II. Newstudies in the analysis and exploitation of computercorpora. Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Aijmer, K. 1983. Emotional adjectives in English. Papers from the 7 th Scandinavian Conference of Linguistics, ed. F. Karlsson, 199-220. Department of Linguistics, Helsinki University. [BROWN, LOB]

Aijmer, K. 1986. Discourse variation and hedging. In Aarts & Meijs (eds) 1986: 1-18. [LLC, LOB]

Aijmer, K. & B. Altenberg (eds). 1991. English corpus linguistics. Studies in honour of Jan Svartvik. London: Longman.

Aijmer, K. and & B. Altenberg (eds). 2004. Advances in corpus linguistics. Papers from the 23 rd International Conference on English Language Research on Computerized Corpora (ICAME 23), Göteborg 22-26 May 2002. Amsterdam & New York: Rodopi.

Algeo, J. 1988. British and American grammatical differences. International Journal of Lexicography 1: 1-31. [BROWN, LOB, SEU]

Algeo, J. 1995. Having a look at the expanded predicate. In Aarts & Meyer (eds) 1995: 203-217. [BROWN, LOB, SEU]

Allwood, J. & M. Ljung (eds). 1980. ALVAR: A linguistically varied assortment of readings. Studies presented to Alvar Ellegård on the occasion of his 60th birthday. Stockholm Papers in English Language and Literature 1. Department of English, University of Stockholm.

Altenberg, B. 1984. Causal linking in spoken and written English. Studia Linguistica 38: 20-69. [LLC, LOB]

Altenberg, B. 1984. Lexical and sex-related differences in spoken English: Some results of undergraduate research at Lund University. In Ringbom & Rissanen (eds) 1984: 279-298. [LLC, LOB]

Altenberg, B. 1986. Contrastive linking in spoken and written English. In Tottie & Bäcklund (eds) 1986: 13-40. [LLC, LOB]

Altenberg, B. 1987. Causal ordering strategies in English conversation. Grammar in the construction of texts, ed. J. Monaghan, 50-64. London: Frances Pinter. [LLC, LOB]

Altenberg, B. 1993. On the functions of such in spoken and written English. In Oostdijk & de Haan (eds) 1993: 223-240. [LLC, LOB]

Altenberg, B. & G. Tottie. 1984. Will there be texts in this class? Writing term papers within a research project. In Ringbom & Rissanen (eds) 1984: 265-278. [LLC, LOB]

Andersen, G. 2006. Grammatical variation in English corpora: The case of modal verbs. In Breivik et al (eds) 2006: 11-27. [BROWN, FROWN, LOB, FLOB, BNC]

Atwell, E. 1982. LOB Corpus tagging project: Manual postedit handbook. Department of Linguistics and Modern English Language and the Department of Computer Studies, Lancaster University. [LOB]

Atwell, E. 1983. Constituent likelihood grammar. ICAME News 7: 34-67. [LOB]

Atwell, E. 1986. Extracting a natural language grammar from raw text. Research Report 208. School of Computer Studies, University of Leeds. [LOB]

Atwell, E. 1987. A parsing expert system which learns from corpus analysis. In Meijs (ed) 1987: 227-234. [LOB]

Atwell, E. 1987. Constituent-likelihood grammar. In Garside et al (eds) 1987: 57-65. [LOB]

Atwell, E. 1988. Grammatical analysis of English by statisticalpattern recognition. Pattern recognition. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference, ed. J. Kittler, 626-635. Berlin : Springer-Verlag. [LOB]

Atwell, E. 1988. Transforming a parsed corpus into a corpus parser. In Kytö et al (eds) 1988: 61-69. [LOB]

Atwell, E. 1993. Corpus-based statistical modelling of English grammar. In Souter & Atwell (eds) 1993: 195-214. [LOB]

Atwell, E. & N. Drakos. 1987. Pattern recognition applied to the acquisition of a grammatical classification system from unrestricted English text. Proceedings of the ThirdConference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, ed. B. Maegaard, 56-63. New Jersey: Association for Computational Linguistics. [LOB]

Atwell, E. & S. Elliott. 1987. Dealing with ill-formed English text. In Garside et al (eds) 1987: 120-138. [LOB]

Atwell, E., G. Leech & R. Garside. 1984. Analysis of the LOB Corpus: Progress and prospects. In Aarts & Meijs (eds) 1984: 41-52. [LOB]

Bäcklund, I. 1984. Conjunction-headed abbreviated clauses in English. Studia Anglistica Upsaliensia 50. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Bäcklund, I. 1986. Beat until stiff. Conjunction-headed abbreviated clauses in spoken and written English. In Tottie & Bäcklund (eds) 1986: 41-55. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Bäcklund, I. 1986. Abbreviation - backgrounding - transitivity. Nordic research in text linguistics and discourse analysis, ed. L.S. Evensen, 85-100. Trondheim: Tapir. [BROWN, LOB]

Bäcklund, I. 1988. Grounds for prominence. On hierarchies and grounding in English expository text. Studia Neophilologica 60: 37-61. [LOB]

Bäcklund, I. 1990. To sum up. Initial infinitives as cues to the reader. In Caie et al (eds) 1990: 289-302. [BROWN, LOB]

Bäckman, S. & G. Kjellmer (eds). 1985. Papers on language and literature presented to Alvar Ellegård and Erik Frykman. Gothenburg Studies in English 60. Gothenburg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis.

Beale, A. 1985. Grammatical analysis by computer of the Lancaster-Oslo/Bergen Corpus. Proceedings of the Association for Computational Linguistics. Chicago. [LOB]

Beale, A. 1985. A probabilistic approach to grammatical analysis of written English. Proceedings of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics. Geneva. [LOB]

Beale, A. 1987. Towards a distributional lexicon. In Garside et al (eds) 1987: 149-162. [LOB]

Belmore, N. 1987. A pilot study of the application of corpus linguistics to the specification of word classes for language understanding systems. In Meijs (ed) 1987: 141-149. [BROWN, LOB]

Belmore, N. 1988. The use of tagged corpora in defining informationally relevant word classes. In Kytö et al (eds) 1988: 71-82. [BROWN, LOB]

Belmore, N. 1988. Working with Brown and LOB on a microcomputer. CCE Newsletter 2 (2): 1-14. Freie Universität Berlin: Institut für Englische Philologie. [BROWN, LOB]

Belmore, N. 1991. Tagging Brown with the LOB tagging suite. ICAME Journal 15: 63-85. [BROWN, LOB]

Bergenholtz, H. & B. Schaeder (eds). 1979. Empirische Textwissenschaft: Aufbau und Auswertung von Text-Corpora. Königstein: Scriptor Verlag.

Berglund. Y. 1997. Future in present-day English: Corpus-based evidence on the rivalry of expressions. ICAME Journal 21: 7-19. [BROWN, LOB, KOL, LLC]

Berglund, Y. 2005. Expressions of future in present-day English: A corpus-based approach. Studia Anglistica Upsaliensis 126. Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. [LOB, FLOB, BROWN, FROWN, KOL. LLC, BNC]

Biber, D. 1985. Investigating macroscopic textual variation through multi­-feature/multi-dimensional analyses. Linguistics 23: 155-178. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Biber, D. 1986. Spoken and written textual dimensions in English: Resolving the contradictory findings. Language 62: 384-414. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Biber, D. 1987. A textual comparison of British and American writing. American Speech 62: 99-119. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Biber, D. 1988. Variation across speech and writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [LLC, LOB]

Biber, D. 1989. A typology of English texts. Linguistics 27: 3- 43. [LLC, LOB]

Biber, D. 1990. Methodological issues regarding corpus-based analyses of linguistic variation. Literary and Linguistic Computing 5: 257-269. [LLC, LOB]

Biber, D. 1992. On the complexity of discourse complexity: A multidimensional analysis. Discourse Processes 15: 133-163. [LLC, LOB]

Biber, D. 1992. Using computer-based text corpora to analyze the referential strategies of spoken and written texts. In Svartvik (ed) 1992: 213-252. [LLC, LOB]

Biber, D. & E. Finegan. 1986. An initial typology of English text types. In Aarts & Meijs (eds) 1986: 19-46. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Biber, D. & E. Finegan. 1988. Adverbial stance types in English. Discourse Processes 11: 1-34. [LLC, LOB]

Biber, D. & E. Finegan. 1988. Drift in three English genres from the 18th to the 20th centuries: A multidimensional approach. In Kytö et al (eds) 1988: 83-101. [LLC, LOB]

Biber, D. & E. Finegan. 1989. Styles of stance in English. Lexical and grammatical marking of evidentiality and affect. Text 9: 93-124. [LLC, LOB]

Biber, D. & E. Finegan. 1991. On the exploration of computerized corpora in variation studies. In Aijmer & Altenberg (eds) 1991: 204-220. [BROWN, HC, LLC, LOB]

Biber, D., & E. Finegan. 1993. Intra-textual variation within medical research articles. In Oostdijk & de Haan (eds) 1993: 201-221. [LLC, LOB]

Blackwell , S.A. 1985. A survey of computer-based English language research. ICAME News 9: 3-28. [BCE, BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Blackwell, S. 1987. Syntax versus orthography: Problems in the automatic parsing of idioms. In Garside et al (eds) 1987: 110-119. [BROWN, LOB]

Booth, B.M. 1985. Revising CLAWS. ICAME News 9: 29-35. [LOB]

Booth, B. 1987. Text input and pre-processing: Dealing with the orthographic form of texts. In Garside et al (eds) 1987: 97-109. [LOB]

Breivik, L.E. 1997. On the interrelation of syntax, semantics, and pragmatics: A study of locative/temporal expressions in existential sentences in the LOB Corpus. In Fries et al (eds.) 1997: 1-10. [LOB]

Breivik, L.E. 1999. On the pragmatic function of relative clauses and locative expressions in existential sentences in the LOB Corpus. In Hasselgård & Oksefjell (eds) 1999: 121-135. [LOB]

Breivik, L.E., S. Halverson & K. Haugland 2006. 'These things I write unto thee...': Essays in honour of Bjørg Bækken . Oslo: Novus. 2006.

Brekke, M. 1991. Automatic parsing meets the wall. In Johansson & Stenström (eds) 1991: 83-103. [BROWN, LOB]

Briscoe, T, I. Craig & C. Grover. 1987. The use of the LOB Corpus in the development of a phrase structure grammar of English. In Meijs (ed) 1987: 207-217. [LOB]

Burrows, J.F. 1986. Modal verbs and moral principles: An aspect of Jane Austen's style. Literary and Linguistic Computing 1: 9-23. [LOB]

Butler , C.S. 1985. Computers in linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

 Caie, G., K. Haastrup, A.L. Jakobsen, J.E. Nielsen, J. Sevaldsen, H. Specht & A. Zettersten (eds). 1990. Proceedings from the Fourth Nordic Conference for English Studies (Helsingør, 11-13 May 1989). 2 vols. Department of English, University of Copenhagen.

CCE Newsletter . 1987- . Computer Corpora des Englischen in Forschung, Lehre und Anwendungen, ed. G. Leitner. Berlin: Institut für Englische Philologie, Freie Universität Berlin.

Coates, J. 1983. The semantics of the modal auxiliaries. London: Croom Heim. [BROWN, LOB, SEU]

Coates, J. & G.N. Leech. 1980. The meanings of the modals in modern British and American English. York Papers in Linguistics 8: 23-34. [BROWN, LOB]

Collins, P. 1982. Cleft sentences in English discourse. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics 5: 60-83. [LLC, LOB]

Collins, P. 1985. Th-clefts and all-clefts. Beiträge zur Phonetik und Linguistik 48: 45-53. [LLC, LOB]

Collins, P. 1987. Cleft and pseudo-cleft constructions in English spoken and written discourse. ICAME Journal 11: 5-17. [LLC, LOB]

Collins, P. 1988. The semantics of some modals in contemporary Australian English. Australian Journal of Linguistics 8: 233-258. [BROWN, LOB, SEU]

Collins, P. 1989. Cleft and pseudo-cleft constructions: a corpus based account. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics 12: 89-106. [LLC, LOB]

Collins, P. 1991. Cleft and pseudo-cleft constructions in English. Andover: Routledge. [LLC, LOB]

Collins, P. 1991. Pseudocleft and cleft constructions: a thematic and informational interpretation. Linguistics 29: 481-519. [LLC, LOB]

Collins, P. 1991. The modals of obligation and necessity in Australian English. In Aijmer & Altenberg (eds) 1991: 145-165. [BROWN, LOB, SEU]

Collins, P. 1996. Get-passives in English. World Englishes 15: 43-56. [BROWN, ICE, KOL, LLC, LOB]

Collins, P. 2004. The information structure of what-clefts in English. Language, linguistics and the real world. Vol. 1: Making linguistics relevant, ed. G. Knowles et al, 227-244. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press. [BROWN, FROWN, LOB, FLOB, Kolhapur, WC, ACE]

Collins, P. & P. Peters. 1988. The Australian corpus project. In Kytö et al (eds) 1988: 103-120. [BROWN, LOB]

Crystal, D. 1987. The Cambridge encyclopedia of language. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Davidson, T.T.L. 1990. Teaching with the Oxford Concordance Program. Literary and Linguistic Computing 5: 81-85. [LOB]

Delin, J.L. 1989. Cleft constructions in discourse. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Edinburgh. [LLC, LOB]

DeRose, S.J. 1988. Grammatical category disambiguation by statistical optimization. Computational Linguistics 14: 31-39. [BROWN, LOB]

DeRose, S.J. 1991. An analysis of probabilistic grammatical tagging methods. In Johansson & Stenström (eds) 1991: 9-13. [BROWN, LOB]

Dubois, B.L. 1972. Meaning and distribution of the perfect in present-day American English prose. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of New Mexico. DAI 33/12-A, 6892f. [BROWN]

Eeg-Olofsson, M. 1991. Probabilistic word-class tagging of a corpus of spoken English. In Eeg-Olofsson 1991: 1-99. [LLC, LOB]

Eeg-Olofsson, M. 1991. Word-class tagging. Some computational tools. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Computational Linguistics, Gothenburg University. [LLC, LOB]

Elsness, J. 1997. The perfect and the preterite in contemporary and earlier English. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. [BROWN, LOB, LLC, SEU]

Elsness, J. 2008. The present perfect and the preterite. One language, two grammars? Grammatical differences between British and American English, ed. G. Rohdenburg & J. Schlüter, 228-245. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [BROWN, FROWN, LOB, FLOB]

Engels, L.K. 1982. Testing and mastery learning of English vocabulary at university level. Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 15: 129-138. [BROWN, LEU, LOB]

Engels, L.K. 1988. The effect of spoken and written-to-be-spoken English on word frequency counts of written English. In Klegraf & Nehls (eds) 1988: 407-425. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Engels, L.K., B. van Beckhoven, Th. Leenders, & I. Brasseur. 1981. Leuven English teaching vocabulary-list based on objective frequency combined with subjective word-selection. Department of Linguistics, Catholic University of Leuven. [BROWN, LEU, LOB]

Exner, K. 1988. Anwendung eines Konkordanzprogramms auf ein maschinenlesbares Korpus von Sprachdaten. In Mindt (ed) 1988: 99-105. [LOB]

Facchinetti, R., M. Krug, F. Palmer (eds). 2003. Modality in contemporary English. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

Fåhraeus, A-M. 1984. Two kinds of syntactic-semantic value-loading in English. Studia Anglistica Upsaliensia 54. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell. [BROWN, LOB]

Fang, A.C. & G. Nelson. 1994. Tagging the Survey Corpus: A LOB to ICE experiment using AUTASYS. Literary and Linguistic Computing 9: 189-194. [ICE, LOB, SEU]

Finegan, E. 1984. Review of Johansson (ed) 1982. Language 60: 190-191. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Fischer, A. 1997. The Oxford English Dictionary on CD-ROM as a historical corpus: To wed and to marry revisited. In Fries et al (eds) 1997: 161-172. [BROWN, HC, LOB]

Fjelkestam-Nilsson, B. 1983. Also and too: A corpus-based study of their frequency and use in modern English. Stockholm Studies in English 58. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Flognfeldt , M.E. 1984. The semantics and pragmatics of deverbal nouns ending in -ee : A report on work in progress. In Ringbom & Rissanen (eds) 1984: 57-67. [BROWN, LOB]

Francis, W.N. 1992. A versatile suffix: English -en. Om språk og utdanning. Festskrift til Eva Sivertsen , ed. by A-M. Langvall Olsen & A.M. Simensen, 45-54. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget. [BROWN, LOB]

Fries, U. 1988. The use of computers in English linguistics. Historical English. On the occasion of Karl Brunner's 100 thbirthday, ed. M. Marcus, 45-62. Innsbruck: Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Kulturwissenschaft, Anglistische Reihe Band 1.[BCE, BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Fries, U. 1994. The comparison of monosyllabic adjectives. Anglistik und Englischunterricht. The noun phrase in English: Its structure and variability. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag C. Winter. [BROWN, KOL, LLC, LOB]

Fries, U., G. Tottie & P. Schneider (eds). 1994. Creating and using English language corpora. Papers from the Fourteenth International Conference on English Language Research on Computerized Corpora, Zürich 1993. Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Garside, R. 1987. The CLAWS word-tagging system. In Garside et al (eds) 1987: 30-41. [BROWN, LOB]

Garside, R. & F.A. Leech. 1985. A probabilistic parser. Proceedings of the European Chapter of the Asscociation for Computational Linguistics. Geneva. [LOB]

Garside, R. & F.A. Leech. 1987. The UCREL probabilistic parsing system. In Garside et al (eds) 1987: 66-81. [LOB]

Garside, R. & G. Leech. 1982. Grammatical tagging of the LOB Corpus: General survey. In Johansson (ed) 1982: 110-117. [LOB]

Garside, R., G. Leech & G. Sampson (eds). 1987. The computationalanalysis of English. A corpus-based approach. London: Longman. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Garside, R., G. Leech and A. McEnery. 1997. Corpus annotation: Linguistic information from computer text corpora. London & New York: Longman. [BROWN, LOB, LLC, ICE, BNC, SEU]

Gebhardt, S. 1988. Programme zur Analyse maschinenlesbarer Konkordanzen. In Mindt (ed) 1988: 106-115. [LOB]

Geisler, C. 1992. Relative infinitives in spoken and written English. In Leitner (ed) 1992: 213-230. [LLC, LOB]

Geisler, C. 1995. Relative infinitives in English. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Grabowski, E. & D. Mindt. 1995. A corpus-based learning list of irregular verbs in English. ICAME Journal 19: 5-22. [BROWN, LOB]

Graustein, G. & W. Thiele (eds). 1989. Englische Textlinguistik und Varietätenforschung. Linguistische Arbeitsberichte 69, Karl-Marx-Universitat Leipzig.

Green, E. & P. Peters. 1991. The Australian Corpus Project and Australian English. ICAME Journal 15: 37-53. [BROWN, LOB, MC]

Greenbaum, S., G. Leech & J. Svartvik (eds). 1980. Studies in English linguistics for Randolph Quirk. London: Longman.

Gustafsson, M. 1993. How special is special language? A study of vocabulary. English far and wide: A Festschrift for Inna Koskenniemi, ed. R. Hiltunen, 221-232. Turku: Turun Yliopisto. [BROWN, LOB]

Hargevik, S. 1983. Various factors influencing the choice of the auxiliary need in present-day English. In Jacobson (ed) 1983: 19-30. [LOB]

Hasselgård, H. & S. Oksefjell (eds). 1999. Out of corpora: Studies in honour of Stig Johansson . Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Hermerén, L. 1986. Modalities in spoken and written English. An inventory of forms. In Tottie & Bäcklund (eds) 1986: 57-91. [LLC, LOB]

Hermerén, L. 1991. The frozenness of modal collocations. Problems in the modality of natural language, ed. P. Kakietek, 71-94. Studies and Monographs 153, The Pedagogical University of Opole. [BROWN, LOB]

Hirschmuller, H. 1989. The use of complex prepositions in Indian English in comparison with British and American English. In Graustein & Thiele (eds) 1989: 52-58. [BROWN, KOL, LOB]

Hofland, K. & S. Johansson. 1979. LOB Corpus: KWIC concordance. Microfiche. Bergen: Norwegian Computing Centre for the Humanities. [LOB]

Hofland, K. & S. Johansson. 1982. Word frequencies in British and American English. Bergen: Norwegian Computing Centre, for the Humanities/London: Longman. [BROWN, LOB]

Hofland, K. & S. Johansson. 1986. The tagged LOB Corpus: KWIC concordance. Microfiche. Bergen: Norwegian Computing Centre for the Humanities. [LOB]

Hojo, K. 1988. The semantics and usage of preterite subjunctive patterns in present-day English with special emphasis on as if clauses. Acta Humanistica et Scientifica UniversitatisKyotiensis (Bulletin of Kyoto Sangyo University), Volume 18, Humanities Series No. 15, 150-191. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Holmes, J. 1988. Doubt and certainty in ESL textbooks. Applied Linguistics 9: 21-44. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Holmes, J. 1994. Inferring language change from computer corpora: Some methodological problems. ICAME Journal 18: 27-40. [LOB]

Holmes, J. 2000. Ladies and gentlemen: Corpus analysis and linguistic sexism. In Mair & Hundt (eds) 1999: 141-155. [LOB, FLOB, BROWN, FROWN, WSWNZE, ICE]

Howarth, P. 1966. Phraseology in English academic writing: Some implications for language learning and dictionary making. Lexicographica Series Maior 75. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer. [LOB]

Howarth, P. 1998. Phraseology and second language proficiency. Applied Linguistics 19: 24-44. [LOB]

Hundt, Marianne. 1997. Has BrE been catching up with AmE over the past thirty years? In Ljung (ed) 1997: 135-151. [LOB, FLOB, BROWN, FROWN]

Hundt, M. 1998. It is important that this study (should) be based on the analysis of parallel corpora: On the use of the mandative subjunctive in four major varieties of English. In Lindquist et al (eds) 1998: 159-175. [LOB, FLOB, BROWN, FROWN, BNC, ACE, WCWNZE]

Hundt, M. 2004. The passival and the progressive passive: A case study of layering in the English aspect and voice systems. In Lindquist & Mair (eds) 2004: 79-120. [BNC, LOB, FLOB, BROWN, FROWN, ARCHER]

Hurk, I. van den, L. Kager, L. Kemp & M. Masereeuw. 1984. To strand or not to. ICAME News 8: 71-83. [LOB]

ICAME News . 1978-1986. Newsletter of the International Computer Archive of Modern English. Bergen: Norwegian Computing Centre for the Humanities.

 ICAME Journal . 1987- . Journal of the International Computer Archive of Modern English. Bergen: Norwegian Computing Centre for the Humanities.

Jackson, H. 1990. OCP and the computer analysis of texts: the Birmingham Polytechnic experience. Literary and Linguistic Computing 5: 86-88. [LOB]

Jacobson, S. (ed). 1980. Papers from the Scandinavian Symposium on Syntactic Variation (Stockholm, 18-19 May 1979). Stockholm Studies in English 52. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell.

Jacobson, S. 1982. Modality nouns and the choice between to + infinitive and of + ing. Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 15: 61-71. [BROWN, LOB]

Jacobson, S. (ed). 1983. Papers from the Second Scandinavian Symposium on Syntactic Variation. Stockholm Studies in English 57. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell. [BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Jacobson, S. 1985. Form vs. meaning in noun phrases with an of-construction. Papers from the Eighth Scandinavian Conference of Linguistics, ed. O. Togeby, 426-436. Institut for Nordisk Filologi, University of Copenhagen. [BROWN, LOB]

Jacobson, S. (ed). 1986. Papers from the Third Scandinavian Symposium on Syntactic Variation (Stockholm, 11-12 May 1985). Stockholm Studies in English 65. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell.

Jahr, M-C. 1981. The s-genitive with non-personal nouns in present-day British and American English. ICAME News 5: 14-31. [BROWN, LOB]

Johannesson, N-L. 1982. On the use of post-modification in English noun phrases. The Eighth LACUS Forum 1981, ed. W. Gutwinski & G. Jolly, 187-195. Columbia, S.C.: Hornbeam Press. [LLC, LOB]

Johansson, C. 1993. Whose and of which with nonpersonal antecedents in written and spoken English. In Souter & Atwell (eds) 1993: 97-116. [BCE, BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Johansson, C. 1995. The relativizers whose and of which in present-day English. Description and theory. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell. [BCE, BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Johansson, C. 1997. The positional variation of the possessive relativizer of which. In Fries et al (eds) 1997: 51-64. [BCE, BROWN, LLC, LOB]

Johansson, S. 1978. A computer archive of modern English texts. What? How? Why? When? Språk og språkundervisning ( Oslo) 11/4: 70-73. [BROWN, NC, LOB]

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